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Stalag III-C Alt-Drewitz was a German Army World War II POW camp for Allied soldiers. It was located on a plain near the village of Alt-Drewitz (now Drzewice, one of the boroughs of the town of Kostrzyn nad Odrą).

Initially the camp served as a place of internment of several thousands of soldiers and NCOs from Poland, France, Britain, Yugoslavia and Belgium. Since 1943 also a number of Italian POWs were kept there. The majority of the Soviet prisoners (up to 12,000) were killed or starved to death. Most of the lower rank prisoners were sent to Arbeitskommandos to work in industry and on farms in Brandenburg. Hwever the administration stayed with the Stammlager.

TimelineEdit

  • June 1940 the camp was established 6 km from the Küstrin fortress for Belgian and French prisoners from the Battle of France.
  • May to June 1941 Yugoslavian prisoners and British prisoners arrived from the Balkans Campaign
  • July 1941 Soviet prisoners taken during Operation Barbarossa arrived. They were held in separated facilities and suffered severe conditions and starvation. They were not accorded the treatment required by the Third Geneva Convention. Thousands of them died of starvation and disease.
  • September 1943 Italians arrived who had been interned because of the Italian Armistice.
  • September 1944 the first Americans arrived, taken prisoner as a result of the failure of Operation Market Garden or during the advance of the U.S.Army towards Germany.
  • 1 December 1944 the roster showed[1]

-American 2,036 -Belgian 631 -British 1,416 -French 17,568 -Italian 1,046 -Polish 2 -Serbian 1,591 -Soviet 13,727

  • December 1944 more American prisoners arrived, taken prisoner in the Battle of the Bulge.
  • January 31 1945 the camp was freed by the Red Army. The American and British prisoners were eventually moved by train to Odessa on the Black Sea for repatriation.

EscapesEdit

Joseph Beyrle was a paratrooper,in the 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment of the 101st Airborne Division. Captured in Normandy in June 1944 he was taken to POW Camp. He escaped twice, recaptured he was sent to Stalag III-C. Early January 1945 he escaped again and made his way to a Soviet tank battalion. He convinced the Soviets to allow him to fight with them. Wounded during a German air attack he was in a Soviet military hospital, from where he was sent to Moscow to the U.S. Embassy. He is believed to be the only American serviceman to have actually fought in a Soviet unit.

Walter Mehlhaff was captured 19 September 1944 during the fighting of the 16th Infantry, 1st Infantry Division, on the German border. Imprisoned at Stalag III-C he escaped from a work group early January 1945. He made his way towards Poland and finally was taken to Odessa for repatriation.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. Kriegsgefangenenlager Alt-Drewitz Stalag III-C
  2. Testimonies from the Midwest

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

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