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An Ordensburg (plural in German: Ordensburgen) was a fortress built by crusading German military orders during the Middle Ages. "Ordensburg" was also used during Nazi Germany to refer to training schools for Nazi leaders.

Medieval Ordensburgen Edit

File:Marienburg (1890-1900).jpg

The Ordensburgen were originally constructed by the Teutonic Knights and the Livonian Brothers of the Sword (merged into the Teutonic Knights in 1237) to fortify territory in Prussia and Livonia against the pagan aboriginals. Later, Ordensburgen were used to defend against Poland and Lithuania.

Notable medieval Ordensburgen Edit

NS-Ordensburgen (National Socialist Germany) Edit

The term Ordensburg was later applied to four schools developed for elite Nazi military ranks. There were strict requirements for admission to the school. Junker candidates had to be aged between 25 and 30 years old, belong to either the Nazi Party, the Hitler Youth, the Sturmabteilung, or the Schutzstaffel, be physically completely healthy, and be pure-blooded with no hereditary defects.

The schools themselves were typically stark, modern structures with extensive facilities. Vogelsang, for instance, reportedly contained the world's largest gymnasium at the time. Each student attended all four institutions in sequence, for specialty training, finishing in Marienburg for training that included live-fire military exercises.

The three institutions for education of political leaders were:

A fourth one was planned at (the historic) Ordensburg Marienburg, in West Prussia, which was to be established at the medieval Malbork Castle

ReferencesEdit

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de:Ordensburg et:Ordulinnus it:Ordensburg pl:Zamek krzyżacki

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