It was composed of former territories of the Second Polish Republic that had been occupied in 1939 by the Soviet Union. In 1941 after Operation Barbarossa those territories were taken over by Nazi Germany and incorporated into the General Government until they were retaken by the Red Army in 1944.
The area was governed by Karl Lasch from 1 August 1941 to 6 January 1942, and by SS Brigadeführer Dr. Otto Wächter from 6 January 1942 to September 1943. Wächter utilised the district capital Lemberg as a recruitment base for the 14th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS Galicia (1st Ukrainian).
- Administrative division of Polish territories during World War II
- Soviet annexation of Western Ukraine, 1939–1940